# `sparse` – Symbolic Sparse Matrices¶

In the tutorial section, you can find a sparse tutorial.

The sparse submodule is not loaded when we import Theano. You must import `theano.sparse` to enable it.

The sparse module provides the same functionality as the tensor module. The difference lies under the covers because sparse matrices do not store data in a contiguous array. Note that there are no GPU implementations for sparse matrices in Theano. The sparse module has been used in:

• NLP: Dense linear transformations of sparse vectors.
• Audio: Filterbank in the Fourier domain.

## Compressed Sparse Format¶

This section tries to explain how information is stored for the two sparse formats of SciPy supported by Theano. There are more formats that can be used with SciPy and some documentation about them may be found here.

Theano supports two compressed sparse formats: `csc` and `csr`, respectively based on columns and rows. They have both the same attributes: `data`, `indices`, `indptr` and `shape`.

• The `data` attribute is a one-dimensional `ndarray` which contains all the non-zero elements of the sparse matrix.
• The `indices` and `indptr` attributes are used to store the position of the data in the sparse matrix.
• The `shape` attribute is exactly the same as the `shape` attribute of a dense (i.e. generic) matrix. It can be explicitly specified at the creation of a sparse matrix if it cannot be inferred from the first three attributes.

### CSC Matrix¶

In the Compressed Sparse Column format, `indices` stands for indexes inside the column vectors of the matrix and `indptr` tells where the column starts in the `data` and in the `indices` attributes. `indptr` can be thought of as giving the slice which must be applied to the other attribute in order to get each column of the matrix. In other words, `slice(indptr[i], indptr[i+1])` corresponds to the slice needed to find the i-th column of the matrix in the `data` and `indices` fields.

The following example builds a matrix and returns its columns. It prints the i-th column, i.e. a list of indices in the column and their corresponding value in the second list.

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> import scipy.sparse as sp
>>> data = np.asarray([7, 8, 9])
>>> indices = np.asarray([0, 1, 2])
>>> indptr = np.asarray([0, 2, 3, 3])
>>> m = sp.csc_matrix((data, indices, indptr), shape=(3, 3))
>>> m.toarray()
array([[7, 0, 0],
[8, 0, 0],
[0, 9, 0]])
>>> i = 0
>>> m.indices[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]], m.data[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]]
(array([0, 1], dtype=int32), array([7, 8]))
>>> i = 1
>>> m.indices[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]], m.data[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]]
(array(, dtype=int32), array())
>>> i = 2
>>> m.indices[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]], m.data[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]]
(array([], dtype=int32), array([], dtype=int64))
```

### CSR Matrix¶

In the Compressed Sparse Row format, `indices` stands for indexes inside the row vectors of the matrix and `indptr` tells where the row starts in the `data` and in the `indices` attributes. `indptr` can be thought of as giving the slice which must be applied to the other attribute in order to get each row of the matrix. In other words, `slice(indptr[i], indptr[i+1])` corresponds to the slice needed to find the i-th row of the matrix in the `data` and `indices` fields.

The following example builds a matrix and returns its rows. It prints the i-th row, i.e. a list of indices in the row and their corresponding value in the second list.

```>>> import numpy as np
>>> import scipy.sparse as sp
>>> data = np.asarray([7, 8, 9])
>>> indices = np.asarray([0, 1, 2])
>>> indptr = np.asarray([0, 2, 3, 3])
>>> m = sp.csr_matrix((data, indices, indptr), shape=(3, 3))
>>> m.toarray()
array([[7, 8, 0],
[0, 0, 9],
[0, 0, 0]])
>>> i = 0
>>> m.indices[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]], m.data[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]]
(array([0, 1], dtype=int32), array([7, 8]))
>>> i = 1
>>> m.indices[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]], m.data[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]]
(array(, dtype=int32), array())
>>> i = 2
>>> m.indices[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]], m.data[m.indptr[i]:m.indptr[i+1]]
(array([], dtype=int32), array([], dtype=int64))
```

## List of Implemented Operations¶

• Moving from and to sparse
• Construction of Sparses and their Properties
• Cast
• `cast` with `bcast`, `wcast`, `icast`, `lcast`, `fcast`, `dcast`, `ccast`, and `zcast`. The grad implemented is regular.
• Transpose
• Basic Arithmetic
• Monoid (Element-wise operation with only one sparse input).

They all have a structured grad.

• `structured_sigmoid`
• `structured_exp`
• `structured_log`
• `structured_pow`
• `structured_minimum`
• `structured_maximum`
• `structured_add`
• `sin`
• `arcsin`
• `tan`
• `arctan`
• `sinh`
• `arcsinh`
• `tanh`
• `arctanh`
• `rad2deg`
• `deg2rad`
• `rint`
• `ceil`
• `floor`
• `trunc`
• `sgn`
• `log1p`
• `expm1`
• `sqr`
• `sqrt`
• Dot Product
• One of the inputs must be sparse, the other sparse or dense.
• The grad implemented is regular.
• No C code for perform and no C code for grad.
• Returns a dense for perform and a dense for grad.
• The first input is sparse, the second can be sparse or dense.
• The grad implemented is structured.
• C code for perform and grad.
• It returns a sparse output if both inputs are sparse and dense one if one of the inputs is dense.
• Returns a sparse grad for sparse inputs and dense grad for dense inputs.
• The first input is sparse, the second can be sparse or dense.
• The grad implemented is regular.
• No C code for perform and no C code for grad.
• Returns a Sparse.
• The gradient returns a Sparse for sparse inputs and by default a dense for dense inputs. The parameter `grad_preserves_dense` can be set to False to return a sparse grad for dense inputs.
• Both inputs must be dense.
• The grad implemented is structured for p.
• Sample of the dot and sample of the gradient.
• C code for perform but not for grad.
• Returns sparse for perform and grad.
• You shouldn’t insert this op yourself!
• There is an optimization that transform a `dot` to `Usmm` when possible.
• This op is the equivalent of gemm for sparse dot.
• There is no grad implemented for this op.
• One of the inputs must be sparse, the other sparse or dense.
• Returns a dense from perform.
• Slice Operations
• sparse_variable[N, N], returns a tensor scalar. There is no grad implemented for this operation.
• sparse_variable[M:N, O:P], returns a sparse matrix There is no grad implemented for this operation.
• Sparse variables don’t support [M, N:O] and [M:N, O] as we don’t support sparse vectors and returning a sparse matrix would break the numpy interface. Use [M:M+1, N:O] and [M:N, O:O+1] instead.
• `diag`. The grad implemented is regular.
• Concatenation
• Probability

There is no grad implemented for these operations.

• `Poisson` and `poisson`
• `Binomial` and `csc_fbinomial`, `csc_dbinomial` `csr_fbinomial`, `csr_dbinomial`
• `Multinomial` and `multinomial`
• Internal Representation

They all have a regular grad implemented.

• To help testing
• `tests.sparse.test_basic.sparse_random_inputs()`

# `sparse` – Sparse Op¶

Classes for handling sparse matrices.

TODO: Automatic methods for determining best sparse format?

class `theano.sparse.basic.``AddSD`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``AddSS`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``AddSSData`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

`theano.sparse.basic.``CSC` = <theano.sparse.basic.CSM object>[source]

Construct a CSC matrix from the internal representation.

Parameters: data – One dimensional tensor representing the data of the sparse matrix to construct. indices – One dimensional tensor of integers representing the indices of the sparse matrix to construct. indptr – One dimensional tensor of integers representing the indice pointer for the sparse matrix to construct. shape – One dimensional tensor of integers representing the shape of the sparse matrix to construct. A sparse matrix having the properties specified by the inputs. sparse matrix

Notes

The grad method returns a dense vector, so it provides a regular grad.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``CSM`(format, kmap=None)[source]

Indexing to speficied what part of the data parameter should be used to construct the sparse matrix.

`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(data, indices, indptr, shape)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``CSMGrad`(kmap=None)[source]
`make_node`(x_data, x_indices, x_indptr, x_shape, g_data, g_indices, g_indptr, g_shape)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``CSMProperties`(kmap=None)[source]
`grad`(inputs, g)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(csm)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, out)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

`view_map` = {0: , 1: , 2: }[source]

Indexing to speficied what part of the data parameter should be use to construct the sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``CSR` = <theano.sparse.basic.CSM object>[source]

Construct a CSR matrix from the internal representation.

Parameters: data – One dimensional tensor representing the data of the sparse matrix to construct. indices – One dimensional tensor of integers representing the indices of the sparse matrix to construct. indptr – One dimensional tensor of integers representing the indice pointer for the sparse matrix to construct. shape – One dimensional tensor of integers representing the shape of the sparse matrix to construct. A sparse matrix having the properties specified by the inputs. sparse matrix

Notes

The grad method returns a dense vector, so it provides a regular grad.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``Cast`(out_type)[source]
`grad`(inputs, outputs_gradients)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``ColScaleCSC`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, s)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``ConstructSparseFromList`[source]
`R_op`(inputs, eval_points)[source]

Construct a graph for the R-operator.

This method is primarily used by Rop

Suppose the op outputs

[ f_1(inputs), …, f_n(inputs) ]

Parameters: inputs (a Variable or list of Variables) – eval_points – A Variable or list of Variables with the same length as inputs. Each element of eval_points specifies the value of the corresponding input at the point where the R op is to be evaluated. rval[i] should be Rop(f=f_i(inputs),wrt=inputs, eval_points=eval_points) list of n elements
`grad`(inputs, grads)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, values, ilist)[source]
Parameters: x – A dense matrix that specify the output shape. values – A dense matrix with the values to use for output. ilist – A dense vector with the same length as the number of rows of values. It specify where in the output to put the corresponding rows. create a sparse matrix with the same shape as x. Its (This) – are the rows of values moved. Pseudo-code:: (values) – output = csc_matrix.zeros_like(x, dtype=values.dtype) for in_idx, out_idx in enumerate(ilist): output[out_idx] = values[in_idx]
`perform`(node, inp, out_)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``DenseFromSparse`(structured=True)[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``Diag`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``Dot`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, out)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``EnsureSortedIndices`(inplace)[source]
`grad`(inputs, output_grad)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``EqualSD`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``EqualSS`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``GetItem2Lists`[source]
`grad`(inputs, g_outputs)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, ind1, ind2)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inp, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``GetItem2ListsGrad`[source]
`make_node`(x, ind1, ind2, gz)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inp, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``GetItem2d`[source]
`make_node`(x, index)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``GetItemList`[source]
`grad`(inputs, g_outputs)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, index)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inp, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``GetItemListGrad`[source]
`make_node`(x, index, gz)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inp, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``GetItemScalar`[source]
`make_node`(x, index)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``GreaterEqualSD`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``GreaterEqualSS`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``GreaterThanSD`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``GreaterThanSS`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``HStack`(format=None, dtype=None)[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(*mat)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, block, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``LessEqualSD`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``LessEqualSS`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``LessThanSD`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``LessThanSS`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``MulSD`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``MulSS`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``MulSV`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``Neg`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``NotEqualSD`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``NotEqualSS`[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``Remove0`(inplace=False)[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``RowScaleCSC`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, s)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``SamplingDot`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y, p)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``SpSum`(axis=None, sparse_grad=True)[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``SparseConstant`(type, data, name=None)[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``SparseConstantSignature`(iterable=(), /)[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``SparseFromDense`(format)[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``SparseVariable`(type, owner=None, index=None, name=None)[source]
class `theano.sparse.basic.``SquareDiagonal`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(diag)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``StructuredAddSV`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``StructuredDot`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(a, b)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``StructuredDotGradCSC`[source]
`c_code`(node, name, inputs, outputs, sub)[source]

Return the C implementation of an Op.

Returns C code that does the computation associated to this Op, given names for the inputs and outputs.

Parameters: node (Apply instance) – The node for which we are compiling the current c_code. The same Op may be used in more than one node. name (str) – A name that is automatically assigned and guaranteed to be unique. inputs (list of strings) – There is a string for each input of the function, and the string is the name of a C variable pointing to that input. The type of the variable depends on the declared type of the input. There is a corresponding python variable that can be accessed by prepending “py_” to the name in the list. outputs (list of strings) – Each string is the name of a C variable where the Op should store its output. The type depends on the declared type of the output. There is a corresponding python variable that can be accessed by prepending “py_” to the name in the list. In some cases the outputs will be preallocated and the value of the variable may be pre-filled. The value for an unallocated output is type-dependent. sub (dict of strings) – Extra symbols defined in CLinker sub symbols (such as ‘fail’). WRITEME
`c_code_cache_version`()[source]

Return a tuple of integers indicating the version of this Op.

An empty tuple indicates an ‘unversioned’ Op that will not be cached between processes.

The cache mechanism may erase cached modules that have been superceded by newer versions. See ModuleCache for details.

`c_code_cache_version_apply`

`make_node`(a_indices, a_indptr, b, g_ab)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``StructuredDotGradCSR`[source]
`c_code`(node, name, inputs, outputs, sub)[source]

Return the C implementation of an Op.

Returns C code that does the computation associated to this Op, given names for the inputs and outputs.

Parameters: node (Apply instance) – The node for which we are compiling the current c_code. The same Op may be used in more than one node. name (str) – A name that is automatically assigned and guaranteed to be unique. inputs (list of strings) – There is a string for each input of the function, and the string is the name of a C variable pointing to that input. The type of the variable depends on the declared type of the input. There is a corresponding python variable that can be accessed by prepending “py_” to the name in the list. outputs (list of strings) – Each string is the name of a C variable where the Op should store its output. The type depends on the declared type of the output. There is a corresponding python variable that can be accessed by prepending “py_” to the name in the list. In some cases the outputs will be preallocated and the value of the variable may be pre-filled. The value for an unallocated output is type-dependent. sub (dict of strings) – Extra symbols defined in CLinker sub symbols (such as ‘fail’). WRITEME
`c_code_cache_version`()[source]

Return a tuple of integers indicating the version of this Op.

An empty tuple indicates an ‘unversioned’ Op that will not be cached between processes.

The cache mechanism may erase cached modules that have been superceded by newer versions. See ModuleCache for details.

`c_code_cache_version_apply`

`make_node`(a_indices, a_indptr, b, g_ab)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``Transpose`[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``TrueDot`(grad_preserves_dense=True)[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`make_node`(x, y)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inp, out_)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``Usmm`[source]
`make_node`(alpha, x, y, z)[source]

Construct an Apply node that represent the application of this operation to the given inputs.

This must be implemented by sub-classes.

Returns: node – The constructed Apply node. Apply
`perform`(node, inputs, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

class `theano.sparse.basic.``VStack`(format=None, dtype=None)[source]
`grad`(inputs, gout)[source]

Construct a graph for the gradient with respect to each input variable.

Each returned Variable represents the gradient with respect to that input computed based on the symbolic gradients with respect to each output. If the output is not differentiable with respect to an input, then this method should return an instance of type NullType for that input.

Parameters: inputs (list of Variable) – The input variables. output_grads (list of Variable) – The gradients of the output variables. grads – The gradients with respect to each Variable in inputs. list of Variable
`perform`(node, block, outputs)[source]

Calculate the function on the inputs and put the variables in the output storage.

Parameters: node (Apply) – The symbolic Apply node that represents this computation. inputs (Sequence) – Immutable sequence of non-symbolic/numeric inputs. These are the values of each Variable in node.inputs. output_storage (list of list) – List of mutable single-element lists (do not change the length of these lists). Each sub-list corresponds to value of each Variable in node.outputs. The primary purpose of this method is to set the values of these sub-lists. params (tuple) – A tuple containing the values of each entry in __props__.

Notes

The output_storage list might contain data. If an element of output_storage is not None, it has to be of the right type, for instance, for a TensorVariable, it has to be a NumPy ndarray with the right number of dimensions and the correct dtype. Its shape and stride pattern can be arbitrary. It is not guaranteed that such pre-set values were produced by a previous call to this Op.perform; they could’ve been allocated by another Op’s perform method. A Op is free to reuse output_storage as it sees fit, or to discard it and allocate new memory.

`theano.sparse.basic.``add`(x, y)[source]

Add two matrices, at least one of which is sparse.

This method will provide the right op according to the inputs.

Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x + y A sparse matrix

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

The grad will be structured only when one of the variable will be a dense matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``add_s_s_data` = <theano.sparse.basic.AddSSData object>[source]

Add two sparse matrices assuming they have the same sparsity pattern.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. y – Sparse matrix. The sum of the two sparse matrices element wise. A sparse matrix

Notes

x and y are assumed to have the same sparsity pattern.

`theano.sparse.basic.``as_sparse`(x, name=None)[source]

Wrapper around SparseVariable constructor to construct a Variable with a sparse matrix with the same dtype and format.

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. SparseVariable version of x. object
`theano.sparse.basic.``as_sparse_or_tensor_variable`(x, name=None)[source]

Same as as_sparse_variable but if we can’t make a sparse variable, we try to make a tensor variable.

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. SparseVariable or TensorVariable version of x
`theano.sparse.basic.``as_sparse_variable`(x, name=None)[source]

Wrapper around SparseVariable constructor to construct a Variable with a sparse matrix with the same dtype and format.

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. SparseVariable version of x. object
`theano.sparse.basic.``cast`(variable, dtype)[source]

Cast sparse variable to the desired dtype.

Parameters: variable – Sparse matrix. dtype – The dtype wanted. Same as x but having dtype as dtype.

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``clean`(x)[source]

Remove explicit zeros from a sparse matrix, and re-sort indices.

CSR column indices are not necessarily sorted. Likewise for CSC row indices. Use clean when sorted indices are required (e.g. when passing data to other libraries) and to ensure there are no zeros in the data.

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. The same as x with indices sorted and zeros removed. A sparse matrix

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``col_scale`(x, s)[source]

Scale each columns of a sparse matrix by the corresponding element of a dense vector.

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. s – A dense vector with length equal to the number of columns of x. A sparse matrix in the same format as x which each column had been multiply by the corresponding element of s.

Notes

`theano.sparse.basic.``construct_sparse_from_list` = <theano.sparse.basic.ConstructSparseFromList object>[source]

Constructs a sparse matrix out of a list of 2-D matrix rows.

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``csc_from_dense` = <theano.sparse.basic.SparseFromDense object>[source]

Convert a dense matrix to a sparse csc matrix.

Parameters: x – A dense matrix. The same as x in a sparse csc matrix format. sparse matrix
`theano.sparse.basic.``csm_data`(csm)[source]

Return the data field of the sparse variable.

`theano.sparse.basic.``csm_grad`[source]
`theano.sparse.basic.``csm_indices`(csm)[source]

Return the indices field of the sparse variable.

`theano.sparse.basic.``csm_indptr`(csm)[source]

Return the indptr field of the sparse variable.

`theano.sparse.basic.``csm_properties` = <theano.sparse.basic.CSMProperties object>[source]

Extract all of .data, .indices, .indptr and .shape field.

For specific field, csm_data, csm_indices, csm_indptr and csm_shape are provided.

Parameters: csm – Sparse matrix in CSR or CSC format. Returns – (data, indices, indptr, shape), the properties of csm.

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured. infer_shape method is not available for this op.

`theano.sparse.basic.``csm_shape`(csm)[source]

Return the shape field of the sparse variable.

`theano.sparse.basic.``csr_from_dense` = <theano.sparse.basic.SparseFromDense object>[source]

Convert a dense matrix to a sparse csr matrix.

Parameters: x – A dense matrix. The same as x in a sparse csr matrix format. sparse matrix
`theano.sparse.basic.``dense_from_sparse` = <theano.sparse.basic.DenseFromSparse object>[source]

Convert a sparse matrix to a dense one.

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. A dense matrix, the same as x. theano.tensor.matrix

Notes

The grad implementation can be controlled through the constructor via the structured parameter. True will provide a structured grad while False will provide a regular grad. By default, the grad is structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``diag` = <theano.sparse.basic.Diag object>[source]

Extract the diagonal of a square sparse matrix as a dense vector.

Parameters: x – A square sparse matrix in csc format. A dense vector representing the diagonal elements. TensorVariable

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured, since the output is a dense vector.

`theano.sparse.basic.``dot`(x, y)[source]

Operation for efficiently calculating the dot product when one or all operands is sparse. Supported format are CSC and CSR. The output of the operation is dense.

Parameters: x – Sparse or dense matrix variable. y – Sparse or dense matrix variable. The dot product x.`y` in a dense format.

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

At least one of x or y must be a sparse matrix.

When the operation has the form dot(csr_matrix, dense) the gradient of this operation can be performed inplace by UsmmCscDense. This leads to significant speed-ups.

`theano.sparse.basic.``ensure_sorted_indices` = <theano.sparse.basic.EnsureSortedIndices object>[source]

Re-sort indices of a sparse matrix.

CSR column indices are not necessarily sorted. Likewise for CSC row indices. Use ensure_sorted_indices when sorted indices are required (e.g. when passing data to other libraries).

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. The same as x with indices sorted. sparse matrix

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``eq`(x, y)[source]
Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x == y matrix variable

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``ge`(x, y)[source]
Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x >= y matrix variable

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``get_item_2d` = <theano.sparse.basic.GetItem2d object>[source]

Implement a subtensor of sparse variable, returning a sparse matrix.

If you want to take only one element of a sparse matrix see GetItemScalar that returns a tensor scalar.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. index – Tuple of slice object. The corresponding slice in x. sparse matrix

Notes

Subtensor selection always returns a matrix, so indexing with [a:b, c:d] is forced. If one index is a scalar, for instance, x[a:b, c] or x[a, b:c], an error will be raised. Use instead x[a:b, c:c+1] or x[a:a+1, b:c].

The above indexing methods are not supported because the return value would be a sparse matrix rather than a sparse vector, which is a deviation from numpy indexing rule. This decision is made largely to preserve consistency between numpy and theano. This may be revised when sparse vectors are supported.

The grad is not implemented for this op.

`theano.sparse.basic.``get_item_2lists` = <theano.sparse.basic.GetItem2Lists object>[source]

Select elements of sparse matrix, returning them in a vector.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. index – List of two lists, first list indicating the row of each element and second list indicating its column. The corresponding elements in x. theano.tensor.vector
`theano.sparse.basic.``get_item_list` = <theano.sparse.basic.GetItemList object>[source]

Select row of sparse matrix, returning them as a new sparse matrix.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. index – List of rows. The corresponding rows in x. sparse matrix
`theano.sparse.basic.``get_item_scalar` = <theano.sparse.basic.GetItemScalar object>[source]

Implement a subtensor of a sparse variable that takes two scalars as index and returns a scalar.

If you want to take a slice of a sparse matrix see GetItem2d that returns a sparse matrix.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. index – Tuple of scalars. The corresponding item in x. TheanoVariable

Notes

The grad is not implemented for this op.

`theano.sparse.basic.``gt`(x, y)[source]
Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x > y matrix variable

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``hstack`(blocks, format=None, dtype=None)[source]

Stack sparse matrices horizontally (column wise).

This wrap the method hstack from scipy.

Parameters: blocks – List of sparse array of compatible shape. format – String representing the output format. Default is csc. dtype – Output dtype. The concatenation of the sparse array column wise. array

Notes

The number of line of the sparse matrix must agree.

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``le`(x, y)[source]
Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x <= y matrix variable

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``lt`(x, y)[source]
Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x < y matrix variable

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``mul`(x, y)[source]

Multiply elementwise two matrices, at least one of which is sparse.

This method will provide the right op according to the inputs.

Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x * y A sparse matrix

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix. The grad is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``mul_s_v` = <theano.sparse.basic.MulSV object>[source]

Multiplication of sparse matrix by a broadcasted dense vector element wise.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix to multiply. y – Tensor broadcastable vector. The product x * y element wise. A sparse matrix

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``neg` = <theano.sparse.basic.Neg object>[source]

Return the negation of the sparse matrix.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. -x. sparse matrix

Notes

The grad is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``neq`(x, y)[source]
Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x != y matrix variable

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``remove0` = <theano.sparse.basic.Remove0 object>[source]

Remove explicit zeros from a sparse matrix.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. Exactly x but with a data attribute exempt of zeros. sparse matrix

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``row_scale`(x, s)[source]

Scale each row of a sparse matrix by the corresponding element of a dense vector.

Parameters: x – A sparse matrix. s – A dense vector with length equal to the number of rows of x. A sparse matrix in the same format as x whose each row has been multiplied by the corresponding element of s. A sparse matrix

Notes

`theano.sparse.basic.``sampling_dot` = <theano.sparse.basic.SamplingDot object>[source]

Operand for calculating the dot product dot(x, y.T) = z when you only want to calculate a subset of z.

It is equivalent to p o (x . y.T) where o is the element-wise product, x and y operands of the dot product and p is a matrix that contains 1 when the corresponding element of z should be calculated and 0 when it shouldn’t. Note that SamplingDot has a different interface than dot because SamplingDot requires x to be a m`x`k matrix while y is a n`x`k matrix instead of the usual k`x`n matrix.

Notes

It will work if the pattern is not binary value, but if the pattern doesn’t have a high sparsity proportion it will be slower then a more optimized dot followed by a normal elemwise multiplication.

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

Parameters: x – Tensor matrix. y – Tensor matrix. p – Sparse matrix in csr format. A dense matrix containing the dot product of x by y.T only where p is 1. sparse matrix
`theano.sparse.basic.``sp_ones_like`(x)[source]

Construct a sparse matrix of ones with the same sparsity pattern.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix to take the sparsity pattern. The same as x with data changed for ones. A sparse matrix
`theano.sparse.basic.``sp_sum`(x, axis=None, sparse_grad=False)[source]

Calculate the sum of a sparse matrix along the specified axis.

It operates a reduction along the specified axis. When axis is None, it is applied along all axes.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. axis – Axis along which the sum is applied. Integer or None. sparse_grad (bool) – True to have a structured grad. The sum of x in a dense format. object

Notes

The grad implementation is controlled with the sparse_grad parameter. True will provide a structured grad and False will provide a regular grad. For both choices, the grad returns a sparse matrix having the same format as x.

This op does not return a sparse matrix, but a dense tensor matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``sp_zeros_like`(x)[source]

Construct a sparse matrix of zeros.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix to take the shape. The same as x with zero entries for all element. A sparse matrix
`theano.sparse.basic.``sparse_formats` = ['csc', 'csr'][source]

Types of sparse matrices to use for testing.

`theano.sparse.basic.``square_diagonal` = <theano.sparse.basic.SquareDiagonal object>[source]

Return a square sparse (csc) matrix whose diagonal is given by the dense vector argument.

Parameters: x – Dense vector for the diagonal. A sparse matrix having x as diagonal. sparse matrix

Notes

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``structured_add_s_v` = <theano.sparse.basic.StructuredAddSV object>[source]

Structured addition of a sparse matrix and a dense vector. The elements of the vector are only added to the corresponding non-zero elements of the sparse matrix. Therefore, this operation outputs another sparse matrix.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. y – Tensor type vector. A sparse matrix containing the addition of the vector to the data of the sparse matrix. A sparse matrix

Notes

The grad implemented is structured since the op is structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``structured_dot`(x, y)[source]

Structured Dot is like dot, except that only the gradient wrt non-zero elements of the sparse matrix a are calculated and propagated.

The output is presumed to be a dense matrix, and is represented by a TensorType instance.

Parameters: a – A sparse matrix. b – A sparse or dense matrix. The dot product of a and b. A sparse matrix

Notes

`theano.sparse.basic.``sub`(x, y)[source]

Subtract two matrices, at least one of which is sparse.

This method will provide the right op according to the inputs.

Parameters: x – A matrix variable. y – A matrix variable. x - y A sparse matrix

Notes

At least one of x and y must be a sparse matrix.

The grad will be structured only when one of the variable will be a dense matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``transpose` = <theano.sparse.basic.Transpose object>[source]

Return the transpose of the sparse matrix.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. x transposed. sparse matrix

Notes

The returned matrix will not be in the same format. csc matrix will be changed in csr matrix and csr matrix in csc matrix.

The grad is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.basic.``true_dot`(x, y, grad_preserves_dense=True)[source]

Operation for efficiently calculating the dot product when one or all operands are sparse. Supported formats are CSC and CSR. The output of the operation is sparse.

Parameters: x – Sparse matrix. y – Sparse matrix or 2d tensor variable. grad_preserves_dense (bool) – If True (default), makes the grad of dense inputs dense. Otherwise the grad is always sparse. The dot product x.`y` in a sparse format. Notex —– The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.
`theano.sparse.basic.``usmm` = <theano.sparse.basic.Usmm object>[source]

Performs the expression alpha * x y + z.

Parameters: x – Matrix variable. y – Matrix variable. z – Dense matrix. alpha – A tensor scalar. The dense matrix resulting from alpha * x y + z.

Notes

The grad is not implemented for this op. At least one of x or y must be a sparse matrix.

`theano.sparse.basic.``vstack`(blocks, format=None, dtype=None)[source]

Stack sparse matrices vertically (row wise).

This wrap the method vstack from scipy.

Parameters: blocks – List of sparse array of compatible shape. format – String representing the output format. Default is csc. dtype – Output dtype. The concatenation of the sparse array row wise. array

Notes

The number of column of the sparse matrix must agree.

The grad implemented is regular, i.e. not structured.

`theano.sparse.``sparse_grad`(var)[source]

This function return a new variable whose gradient will be stored in a sparse format instead of dense.

Currently only variable created by AdvancedSubtensor1 is supported. i.e. a_tensor_var[an_int_vector].

New in version 0.6rc4.